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Human Evolution

Oldest evidence of stone tool use and meat-eating among human ancestors discovered: Lucy's species butchered meat

1000pa (Aug. 11, 2010) — The evolutionary stories of the Swiss Army Knife and the Big Mac just got a lot longer. An international team of scientists led by Dr. Zeresenay Alemseged from the California Academy of Sciences has discovered evidence that human ancestors were using stone tools and consuming meat from large mammals nearly a million years earlier than previously documented. While working in the Afar Region of Ethiopia, Alemseged's...

1000pa (Aug. 11, 2010) — The evolutionary stories of the Swiss Army Knife and the Big Mac just got a lot longer. An international team of scientists led by Dr. Zeresenay Alemseged from the California Academy of Sciences has discovered evidence that human ancestors were using stone tools and...

Animal connection: New hypothesis for human evolution and human nature

1000pa (July 20, 2010) — It's no secret to any dog-lover or cat-lover that humans have a special connection with animals. But in a new journal article and forthcoming book, paleoanthropologist Pat Shipman of Penn State University argues that this human-animal connection goes well beyond simple affection. Shipman proposes that the interdependency of ancestral humans with other animal species -- "the animal connection" -- played a crucial...

1000pa (July 20, 2010) — It's no secret to any...

North America's first peoples more genetically diverse than thought, mitochondrial genome analysis reveals

1000pa (June 29, 2010) — The initial peopling of North America from Asia occurred approximately 15,000-18,000 years ago. However, estimations of the genetic diversity of the first settlers have remained inaccurate. In a report published online in Genome Research, researchers have found that the diversity of the first Americans has been significantly underestimated, underscoring the importance of comprehensive sampling for accurate analysis...

1000pa (June 29, 2010) — The initial peopling...

Separation between Neanderthal and Homo sapiens might have occurred 500,000 years earlier, DNA from teeth suggests

1000pa (June 23, 2010) — The separation of Neanderthal and Homo sapiens might have occurred at least one million years ago, more than 500.000 years earlier than previously believed, according to new DNA-based analyses.

A doctoral thesis conducted at the National Center for Research on Human Evolution (Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana), associated with the University of Granada, analyzed the teeth of almost all s...

1000pa (June 23, 2010) — The separation of...

Humans have a mighty bite, new research shows

1000pa (June 23, 2010) — The robust jaws and formidable teeth of some of our ancestors and ape cousins may suggest that humans are wimps when it comes to producing a powerful bite: but a new study has found the opposite is true, with major implications for our understanding of diet in ancestral humans.

The surprise findings suggest that early modern humans did not necessarily need to use tools and cooking to process high-nutrient hard...

1000pa (June 23, 2010) — The robust jaws and...

3.6 million-year-old relative of 'Lucy' discovered: Early hominid skeleton confirms human-like walking is ancient

1000pa (June 21, 2010) — Meet "Lucy's" Great-Grandfather. Cleveland Museum of Natural History Curator and Head of Physical Anthropology Dr. Yohnannes Haile-Selassie led an international team that discovered and analyzed a 3.6 million-year-old partial skeleton found in Ethiopia. The early hominid is 400,000 years older than the famous "Lucy" skeleton and is significantly larger in size. Research on the new specimen reveals that advanced...

1000pa (June 21, 2010) — Meet "Lucy's"...

Ancient viral invasion shaped human genome

1000pa (Sep. 13, 2010) — Scientists at the Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS), a biomedical research institute of the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), and their colleagues from the National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School and Princeton University have recently discovered that viruses that 'invaded' the human genome millions of years ago have changed the way...

1000pa (Sep. 13, 2010) — Scientists at the Genome...

The joke is on us: A new interpretation of bared teeth in archaeological artifacts

1000pa (May 14, 2010) — Bared teeth are a prominent and eye-catching feature on many historical and archaeological artifacts, and are commonly interpreted as representing death, aggression and the shamanic trance. But a study in the forthcoming issue of Current Anthropology argues that the bared-teeth motif often expresses something a bit less sinister: the smile.

Alice V. M. Samson, Faculty of Archaeology at Leiden University, the...

1000pa (May 14, 2010) — Bared teeth are a prominent...

Neandertals 'hardly differed at all' from modern humans

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — How much do we, who are alive today, differ from our most recent evolutionary ancestors, the cave-dwelling Neandertals, hominids who lived in Europe and parts of Asia and went extinct about 30,000 years ago? And how much do Neandertals, in turn, have in common with the ape-ancestors from which we are both descended, the chimpanzees?

Although we are both hominids, the fossil record told us long ago that we differ...

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — How much do we, who are...

Complete Neanderthal genome sequenced: DNA signatures found in present-day Europeans and Asians, but not in Africans

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — Researchers have produced the first whole genome sequence of the 3 billion letters in the Neanderthal genome, and the initial analysis suggests that up to 2 percent of the DNA in the genome of present-day humans outside of Africa originated in Neanderthals or in Neanderthals' ancestors.

The international research team, which includes researchers from the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the...

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — Researchers have produced...

Neandertal genome sequence published in Science

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — An international research team has sequenced the Neandertal genome, using pill-sized samples of bone powder from three Neandertal bones found in a cave in Croatia. The results appear in the 7 May issue of the journal Science, which is published by AAAS, the nonprofit science society.

The researchers, led by Svante Pääbo of the Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, compared the N...

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — An international research...

Neanderthal genome yields insights into human evolution and evidence of interbreeding with modern humans

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — After extracting ancient DNA from the 40,000-year-old bones of Neanderthals, scientists have obtained a draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome, yielding important new insights into the evolution of modern humans.

Among the findings, published in the May 7 issue of Science, is evidence that shortly after early modern humans migrated out of Africa, some of them interbred with Neanderthals, leaving bits of Neanderthal...

1000pa (May 6, 2010) — After extracting...

Chinese pigs 'direct descendants' of first domesticated breeds

1000pa (Apr. 20, 2010) — Modern-day Chinese pigs are directly descended from ancient pigs which were the first to be domesticated in the region 10,000 years ago, a new archaeological and genetic study has revealed.

An international team of researchers, led by Durham University (UK) and the China Agricultural University, in Beijing, say their findings suggest a difference between patterns of early domestication and movement of pigs in Europe...

1000pa (Apr. 20, 2010) — Modern-day Chinese...

New hominid shares traits with Homo species: Fossil find sheds light on the transition to Homo genus from earlier hominids

1000pa (Apr. 8, 2010) — Two partial skeletons unearthed from a cave in South Africa belong to a previously unclassified species of hominid that is now shedding new light on the evolution of our own species, Homo sapiens, researchers say. The newly documented species, called Australopithecus sediba, was an upright walker that shared many physical traits with the earliest known Homo species -- and its introduction into the fossil record...

1000pa (Apr. 8, 2010) — Two partial skeletons...

Stone Age Scandinavians unable to digest milk, study shows

1000pa (Apr. 1, 2010) — The hunter-gatherers who inhabited the southern coast of Scandinavia 4,000 years ago were lactose intolerant, according to a new study carried out by researchers at Uppsala University and Stockholm University.

The study, which has been published in the journal BMC Evolutionary Biology, supports the researchers' earlier conclusion that today's Scandinavians are not descended from the Stone Age people in question but...

1000pa (Apr. 1, 2010) — The hunter-gatherers...

New human species discovered: Mitochondrial genome of previously unknown hominins from Siberia decoded

1000pa (Mar. 25, 2010) — An international team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig has sequenced ancient mitochondrial DNA from a finger bone of a female found in southern Siberia. She comes from a previously unknown human species, which lived about 48,000 to 30,000 years ago in the Altai Mountains in Central Asia.

The mitochondrial genome that was inherited from the mother and passed on to...

1000pa (Mar. 25, 2010) — An international team...

Evidence indicates humans' early tree-dwelling ancestors were also bipedal

1000pa (Mar. 20, 2010) — More than three million years ago, the ancestors of modern humans were still spending a considerable amount of their lives in trees, but something new was happening.

David Raichlen, an assistant professor in the University of Arizona School of Anthropology, and his colleagues at the University at Albany and City University of New York's Lehman College have developed new experimental evidence indicating that these...

1000pa (Mar. 20, 2010) — More than three million...

When did the first 'modern' human beings appear in the Iberian Peninsula?

1000pa (Mar. 15, 2010) — Research carried out by a group of archaeologists from the Centre for Prehistoric Archaeological Heritage Studies of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (CEPAP_UAB) at the Cova Gran site (Lleida) has contributed to stirring up scientific debate about the appearance of the first "modern" human beings on the Iberian Peninsula* and their possible bearing on the extinction of the Neanderthals.

The samples obtained at...

1000pa (Mar. 15, 2010) — Research carried out...

Strategic research program needed to determine whether, how past climate influenced human evolution

1000pa (Mar. 3, 2010) — Understanding how past climate may have influenced human evolution could be dramatically enhanced by an international cross-disciplinary research program to improve the sparse human fossil and incomplete climate records and examine the link between the two, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Climate and fossil records suggest that some events in human evolution -- such as the evolution of new...

1000pa (Mar. 3, 2010) — Understanding how past...

First Bird

First Bird
What was the earliest known bird?

Unexplained artifacts

unexplained artifacts
The 10 most amazing unexplained artifacts

Evolution

Timeline: Human Evolution

Biggest Dinosaurs

The 10 Biggest Dinosaurs

Fossils 

Fossil Formation: How Do Fossils Form?
 

Book review

Dinosaurs Encyclopedia

Book Review

Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur Lovers of All Ages ... WRITTEN BY A PROFESSIONAL paleontologist specifically for young readers, this guide to the Dinosauria is packed...