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Back Archaeology Lost Treasures

Lost Treasures

Reading zip codes of 3,500-year-old letters: Non-destructive X-ray scanning of archaeological finds

1000pa (Aug. 6, 2010) — Unfortunately, when ancient kings sent letters to each other, their post offices didn't record the sender' return address. It takes quite a bit of super-sleuthing by today's archaeologists to determine the geographical origin of this correspondence -- which can reveal a great deal about ancient rulers and civilizations.

Now, by adapting an off-the-shelf portable x-ray lab tool that analyzes the composition of...

1000pa (Aug. 6, 2010) — Unfortunately, when ancient kings sent letters to each other, their post offices didn't record the sender' return address. It takes quite a bit of super-sleuthing by today's archaeologists to determine the geographical origin of this correspondence -- which can reveal a great...

Extreme archaeology: Divers plumb the mysteries of sacred Maya pools

1000pa (July 22, 2010) — Steering clear of crocodiles and navigating around massive submerged trees, a team of divers began mapping some of the 25 freshwater pools of Cara Blanca, Belize, which were important to the ancient Maya. In three weeks this May, the divers found fossilized animal remains, bits of pottery and -- in the largest pool explored -- an enormous underwater cave.

This project, led by University of Illinois anthropology...

1000pa (July 22, 2010) — Steering clear of...

Earliest archaeological evidence of pet tortoises discovered

1000pa (July 12, 2010) — A University of Leicester archaeologist has discovered a bone belonging to a late19th-century tortoise from Stafford Castle, Staffordshire -- believed to be the earliest archaeological evidence of a tortoise kept as a family pet.

As reported in Post-Medieval Archaeology (volume 44/1) by University of Leicester archaeologist Dr Richard Thomas, the significance of the find is in the insights it gives on the early...

1000pa (July 12, 2010) — A University of Leicester...

Dig discovers ancient Britons were earliest North Europeans

1000pa (July 8, 2010) — A University College London archaeologist is part of a team who have unearthed the earliest evidence of human occupation in Britain.

Simon Parfitt was part of a team of archaeologists, palaeontologists and earth scientists from the British Museum, the Natural History Museum, UCL, and Queen Mary, University of London, who unearthed the new evidence at an archaeological dig in East Anglia.

Their findings demonstrate...

1000pa (July 8, 2010) — A University College...

3,200-year-old bronze tablet identified as battle chariot linchpin

1000pa (July 6, 2010) — A 3,200-year-old round bronze tablet with a carved face of a woman, found at the El-ahwat excavation site near Katzir in central Israel, is part of a linchpin that held the wheel of a battle chariot in place. This was revealed by scientist Oren Cohen of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa.

"Such an identification reinforces the claim that a high-ranking Egyptian or local ruler was based at...

1000pa (July 6, 2010) — A 3,200-year-old round...

Hunting weapon 10,000 years old found in melting ice patch

1000pa (June 30, 2010) — To the untrained eye, University of Colorado at Boulder Research Associate Craig Lee's recent discovery of a 10,000-year-old wooden hunting weapon might look like a small branch that blew off a tree in a windstorm.

Nothing could be further from the truth, according to Lee, a research associate with CU-Boulder's Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research who found the atlatl dart, a spear-like hunting weapon, melting...

1000pa (June 30, 2010) — To the untrained eye...

Ultimate cold case: Anthropologist 'bones up' on site of ancient invasion

1000pa (June 21, 2010) — The body was found in a small, graffiti-stained tunnel. Robbery was likely not the motive, as his possessions and cash were found with him.

The University of Alberta's Sandra Garvie-Lok can't tell exactly how the victim on her table died, but she has a good idea. Given the visible previous cranial trauma on the body, the events that took place around the time of the murder and the location where his remains were...

1000pa (June 21, 2010) — The body was found in a...

Thunderstone mystery: What's a Stone Age axe doing in an Iron Age tomb?

1000pa (June 16, 2010) — "If one finds something once, it's accidental. If it is found twice, it's puzzling. If found thrice, there is a pattern," the archaeologists Olle Hemdorff and Eva Thäte say.

In 2005 the archaeologists investigated a grave at Avaldsnes in Karmøy in southwestern Norway, supposed to be from the late Iron Age, i.e. from 600 to 1000 AD. Avaldsnes is rich in archeological finds. They dot an area that has been a seat of...

1000pa (June 16, 2010) — "If one finds...

Nondestructive methods for evaluating ancient coins could be worth their weight in gold

1000pa (May 28, 2010) — Demonstrating that chemistry sometimes can inform history, researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Colorado College and Mount Saint Mary's University in Emmitsburg, Md., have shown that sensitive nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques can be used to determine the elemental composition of ancient coins, even coins that generally have been considered too corroded for such...

1000pa (May 28, 2010) — Demonstrating that chemistry...

Genetic data added to archaeology and linguistics to get picture of African population history

1000pa (May 26, 2010) — Genetic researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have combined data from existing archaeological and linguistic studies of Africa with human genetic data to shed light on the demographic history of the continent from which all human activity emerged.

The study reveals not just a clearer picture of the continent's history but also the importance of having independent lines of evidence in the interpretation of...

1000pa (May 26, 2010) — Genetic researchers...

Revealing China's ancient past

1000pa (May 25, 2010) — An archeologist at Washington University in St. Louis is helping to reveal for the first time a snapshot of rural life in China during the Han Dynasty.

The rural farming village of Sanyangzhuang was flooded by silt-heavy water from the Yellow River around 2,000 year ago.

Working with Chinese colleagues, T.R. Kidder, PhD, professor and chair of anthropology in Arts & Sciences, is working to excavate the site, which...

1000pa (May 25, 2010) — An archeologist at...

Advanced geographical models bring new perspective to study of archaeology

1000pa (May 17, 2010) — Computational modeling techniques provide new and vast opportunities to the field of archaeology. By using these techniques, archeologists can develop alternative computerized scenarios that can be compared with traditional archaeological records, possibly enhancing previous findings of how humans and the environment interact.

An article published in the April 2010 issue of the journal American Antiquity by...

1000pa (May 17, 2010) — Computational modeling...

Robin Hood's prison: Uncovering Nottingham's hidden medieval sandstone caves

1000pa (May 14, 2010) — The very latest laser technology combined with old fashioned pedal power is being used to provide a unique insight into the layout of Nottingham's sandstone caves -- where the city's renowned medieval ale was brewed and, where legend has it, the country's most famous outlaw Robin Hood was imprisoned.

The Nottingham Caves Survey, being carried out by archaeologists from Trent & Peak Archaeology at The University...

1000pa (May 14, 2010) — The very latest laser...

Easter Island discovery sends archaeologists back to drawing board

1000pa (May 13, 2010) — Archaeologists have disproved the fifty-year-old theory underpinning our understanding of how the famous stone statues were moved around Easter Island.

Fieldwork led by researchers at University College London and The University of Manchester, has shown the remote Pacific island's ancient road system was primarily ceremonial and not solely built for transportation of the figures.

A complex network of roads up to...

1000pa (May 13, 2010) — Archaeologists have...

Laser beams penetrating thick canopy detect thousands of new structures, show Maya adept at 'building green'

1000pa (May 12, 2010) — A flyover of Belize's thick jungles has revolutionized archaeology worldwide and vividly illustrated the complex urban centers developed by one of the most-studied ancient civilizations -- the Maya.

University of Central Florida researchers led a NASA-funded research project in April 2009 that collected the equivalent of 25 years worth of data in four days.

Aboard a Cessna 337, LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)...

1000pa (May 12, 2010) — A flyover of Belize's...

Ancient artifacts revealed as northern ice patches melt

1000pa (Apr. 26, 2010) — High in the Mackenzie Mountains, scientists are finding a treasure trove of ancient hunting tools being revealed as warming temperatures melt patches of ice that have been in place for thousands of years.

Tom Andrews, an archaeologist with the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre in Yellowknife and lead researcher on the International Polar Year Ice Patch Study, is amazed at the implements being discovered by...

1000pa (Apr. 26, 2010) — High in the Mackenzie...

Bureaucracy linked to a nation's growth

1000pa (Apr. 20, 2010) — "Bureaucracy is the death of all sound work," said Albert Einstein, sharing a popular view about bureaucracy grinding progress to a halt.

But it now appears that the organizing functions of bureaucracy were essential to the progressive growth of the world's first states, and may have helped them conquer surrounding areas much earlier than originally thought. New research conducted in the Valley of Oaxaca near Monte...

1000pa (Apr. 20, 2010) — "Bureaucracy is the...

First Bird

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Evolution

Timeline: Human Evolution

Biggest Dinosaurs

The 10 Biggest Dinosaurs

Fossils 

Fossil Formation: How Do Fossils Form?
 

Book review

Dinosaurs Encyclopedia

Book Review

Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur Lovers of All Ages ... WRITTEN BY A PROFESSIONAL paleontologist specifically for young readers, this guide to the Dinosauria is packed...