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Ancient Civilizations

Secrets of an ancient Tel Aviv fortress revealed

1000pa (Dec. 28, 2010) — New archeological research from the Tel Qudadi archaeological dig near Tel Aviv suggests an ancient link between the Israeli city and the Greek island of Lesbos -- a find producing new insights into alliances and trade routes in the ancient world.

Tel Qudadi, an ancient fortress located in the heart of Tel Aviv at the mouth of the Yarkon River, was first excavated more than 70 years ago -- but the final results of...

1000pa (Dec. 28, 2010) — New archeological research from the Tel Qudadi archaeological dig near Tel Aviv suggests an ancient link between the Israeli city and the Greek island of Lesbos -- a find producing new insights into alliances and trade routes in the ancient world.

Tel Qudadi, an ancient...

Crown suggests Queen Arsinoë II ruled ancient Egypt as female pharaoh

1000pa (Nov. 29, 2010) — A unique queen's crown with ancient symbols combined with a new method of studying status in Egyptian reliefs forms the basis for a re-interpretation of historical developments in Egypt in the period following the death of Alexander the Great. A thesis from the University of Gothenburg (Sweden) argues that Queen Arsinoë II ruled ancient Egypt as a female pharaoh, predating Cleopatra by 200 years.

Researchers are...

1000pa (Nov. 29, 2010) — A unique queen's crown...

Oldest salt mine known to date located in Azerbaijan

1000pa (Nov. 27, 2010) — CNRS (1) archeologists have recently provided proof that the Duzdagi salt deposits, situated in the Araxes Valley in Azerbaijan, were already being exploited from the second half of the 5th millennium BC. It is therefore the most ancient exploitation of rock salt attested to date. And, to the researchers' surprise, intensive salt production was carried out in this mine at least as early as 3500 BC.

This work,...

1000pa (Nov. 27, 2010) — CNRS (1) archeologists have...

Researchers kick-start ancient DNA

1000pa (Nov. 22, 2010) — Binghamton University researchers recently revived ancient bacteria trapped for thousands of years in water droplets embedded in salt crystals.

For decades, geologists have looked at these water droplets -- called fluid inclusions -- and wondered whether microbes could be extracted from them. Fluid inclusions have been found inside salt crystals ranging in age from thousands to hundreds of millions years old.

But...

1000pa (Nov. 22, 2010) — Binghamton University...

Papyrus research provides insights into 'modern concerns' of ancient world

1000pa (Oct. 30, 2010) — A University of Cincinnati-based journal devoted to research on papyri is due out Nov. 1. That research sheds light on an ancient world with surprisingly modern concerns: including hoped-for medical cures, religious confusion and the need for financial safeguards.

What's old is new again. That's the lesson that can be taken from the University of Cincinnati-based journal Bulletin of the American Society of...

1000pa (Oct. 30, 2010) — A University of...

Ancient Egypt's pyramids: Norwegian researcher unlocks construction secrets

1000pa (Sep. 24, 2010) — Scientists from around the world have tried to understand how the Egyptians erected their giant pyramids. Now, an architect and researcher at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) says he has the answer to this ancient, unsolved puzzle.

Researchers have been so preoccupied by the weight of the stones that they tend to overlook two major problems: How did the Egyptians know exactly where to put...

1000pa (Sep. 24, 2010) — Scientists from around...

Taking a new look at old digs: Trampling animals may alter Stone Age sites

1000pa (Sep. 25, 2010) — Archaeologists who interpret Stone Age culture from discoveries of ancient tools and artifacts may need to reanalyze some of their conclusions.

That's the finding suggested by a new study that for the first time looked at the impact of water buffalo and goats trampling artifacts into mud.

In seeking to understand how much artifacts can be disturbed, the new study documented how animal trampling in a water-saturated...

1000pa (Sep. 25, 2010) — Archaeologists who...

Apollo discovery tells a new story

1000pa (Sep. 20, 2010) — A rare bronze signet ring with the impression of the face of the Greek sun god, Apollo, has been discovered at Tel Dor, in northern Israel, by University of Haifa diggers.

"A piece of high-quality art such as this, doubtlessly created by a top-of-the-line artist, indicates that local elites developing a taste for fine art and the ability to afford it were also living in provincial towns, and not only in the capital...

1000pa (Sep. 20, 2010) — A rare bronze signet...

'Goddess of fortune' found near shores of Sea of Galilee

1000pa (Sep. 17, 2010) — A wall painting (fresco) of Tyche, the Greek goddess of fortune, was exposed during the 11th season of excavation at the Sussita site, on the east shore of the Sea of Galilee, which was conducted by researchers of the University of Haifa. Another female figure was found during this season, of a maenad, one of the companions of the wine god Dionysus.

"It is interesting to see that although the private residence in...

1000pa (Sep. 17, 2010) — A wall painting...

Oldest Roman baths in Asia Minor discovered in Sagalassos

1000pa (Sep. 10, 2010) — Professor Marc Waelkens' archaeological team has discovered the oldest Roman baths in Asia Minor known to date in Sagalassos, Turkey. Sagalassos was inhabited as a city until the 7th century AD, when it was destroyed by earthquakes. Waelkens has directed excavations at the sight every summer for the past 21 years.

Until now, the Capito Baths in Miletus, built during the reign of Emperor Claudius (41-54 AD), were...

1000pa (Sep. 10, 2010) — Professor Marc Waelkens'...

Experts question claim that Alexander the Great's half-brother is buried at Vergina

1000pa (Sep. 9, 2010) — Claims that a tomb at Vergina, Greece, the ancient burial place of the Macedonian royal family in the fourth century B.C., contains the body of King Philip III Arrhidaios, half-brother of Alexander the Great, and not Philip II, Alexander's father, are called into question by researchers from the universities of Bristol, Manchester and Oxford.

The tomb was discovered during the excavation of a large mound -- the Great...

1000pa (Sep. 9, 2010) — Claims that a tomb at...

Ancient brew masters tapped antibiotic secrets

1000pa (Sep. 2, 2010) — A chemical analysis of the bones of ancient Nubians shows that they were regularly consuming tetracycline, most likely in their beer. The finding is the strongest evidence yet that the art of making antibiotics, which officially dates to the discovery of penicillin in 1928, was common practice nearly 2,000 years ago.

The research, led by Emory anthropologist George Armelagos and medicinal chemist Mark Nelson of...

1000pa (Sep. 2, 2010) — A chemical analysis of the...

New ways to chart our maritime past

1000pa (Aug. 20, 2010) — By combining meteorology and archaeology, scientists may discover old sea routes and mooring sites, and boost our knowledge of ancient maritime culture.

"Archaeology has a long-standing tradition in protecting areas on land. But unfortunately, there is little attention to cultural monuments at the sea-shore and under water," says meteorologist Marianne Nitter at the University of Stavanger's Museum of Archaeology.

"Th...

1000pa (Aug. 20, 2010) — By combining...

An ancient Earth like ours: Geologists reconstruct Earth's climate belts between 460 and 445 million years ago

1000pa (Aug. 12, 2010) — An international team of scientists including Mark Williams and Jan Zalasiewicz of the Geology Department of the University of Leicester, and led by Dr. Thijs Vandenbroucke, formerly of Leicester and now at the University of Lille 1 (France), has reconstructed the Earth's climate belts of the late Ordovician Period, between 460 and 445 million years ago.

The findings have been published online in the Proceedings of...

1000pa (Aug. 12, 2010) — An international team...

Oldest written document ever found in Jerusalem discovered

1000pa (July 12, 2010) — A tiny clay fragment -- dating from the 14th century B.C.E. -- that was found in excavations outside Jerusalem's Old City walls contains the oldest written document ever found in Jerusalem, say researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The find, believed to be part of a tablet from a royal archives, further testifies to the importance of Jerusalem as a major city in the Late Bronze Age, long before its...

1000pa (July 12, 2010) — A tiny clay fragment --...

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Book review

Dinosaurs Encyclopedia

Book Review

Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur Lovers of All Ages ... WRITTEN BY A PROFESSIONAL paleontologist specifically for young readers, this guide to the Dinosauria is packed...