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Ancient Civilizations

Castles in the desert: Satellites reveal lost cities of Libya

1000pa (Nov. 7, 2011) — Satellite imagery has uncovered new evidence of a lost civilisation of the Sahara in Libya's south-western desert wastes that will help re-write the history of the country. The fall of Gaddafi has opened the way for archaeologists to explore the country's pre-Islamic heritage, so long ignored under his regime.

Using satellites and air-photographs to identify the remains in one of the most inhospitable parts of the...

1000pa (Nov. 7, 2011) — Satellite imagery has uncovered new evidence of a lost civilisation of the Sahara in Libya's south-western desert wastes that will help re-write the history of the country. The fall of Gaddafi has opened the way for archaeologists to explore the country's pre-Islamic...

First practical scientific test to date and authenticate priceless silk masterpieces

1000pa (Oct. 12, 2011) — Scientists are reporting development of the first fast and reliable scientific method to determine the age and authenticity of priceless silk tapestries and other treasures -- such as Civil War General Phillip Sheridan's famous red-and-white battle flag -- in museums and other collections around the world.

A report on their work appears in ACS' journal Analytical Chemistry.

Mehdi Moini and colleagues at the...

1000pa (Oct. 12, 2011) — Scientists are reporting...

Archaeologists uncover evidence of large ancient shipyard near Rome

1000pa (Sep. 22, 2011) — University of Southampton and British School at Rome (BSR) archaeologists, leading an international excavation of Portus -- the ancient port of Rome, believe they have discovered a large Roman shipyard.

The team, working with the Italian Archaeological Superintendancy of Rome, has uncovered the remains of a massive building close to the distinctive hexagonal basin or 'harbour', at the centre of the port complex.

Unive...

1000pa (Sep. 22, 2011) — University of...

Seaside fortress was a final stronghold of early Islamic power

1000pa (Sep. 15, 2011) — Archaeologists have long known that Yavneh-Yam, an archaeological site between the Israeli cities of Tel Aviv and Ashdod on the Mediterranean coast, was a functioning harbor from the second millennium B.C. until the Middle Ages. Now Tel Aviv University researchers have uncovered evidence to suggest that the site was one of the final strongholds of Early Islamic power in the region.

According to Prof. Moshe Fischer...

1000pa (Sep. 15, 2011) — Archaeologists have...

Endangered river turtle's genes reveal ancient influence of Maya Indians

1000pa (July 22, 2011) — A genetic study focusing on the Central American river turtle (Dermatemys mawii) recently turned up surprising results for a team of Smithsonian scientists involved in the conservation of this critically endangered species. Small tissue samples collected from 238 wild turtles at 15 different locations across their range in Southern Mexico, Belize and Guatemala revealed a "surprising lack" of genetic structure, the...

1000pa (July 22, 2011) — A genetic study...

Olympia hypothesis: Tsunamis buried the cult site on the Peloponnese

1000pa (July 11, 2011) — Olympia, site of the famous Temple of Zeus and original venue of the Olympic Games in ancient Greece, was presumably destroyed by repeated tsunamis that travelled considerable distances inland, and not by earthquake and river floods as has been assumed to date. Evidence in support of this new theory on the virtual disappearance of the ancient cult site on the Peloponnesian peninsula comes from Professor Dr Andreas...

1000pa (July 11, 2011) — Olympia, site of the...

Cave researchers explore stream-filled cavern at entrance to Jerusalem

1000pa (June 19, 2011) — Hebrew University of Jerusalem researchers have conducted an initial survey of what appears to be an important, ancient water source in a cave that was been discovered during excavation work for a new train station being constructed at the entrance to Jerusalem.

The work was done by members of the Cave Research Unit of the university, headed by Prof. Amos Frumkin of the Department of Geography. The cave was exposed...

1000pa (June 19, 2011) — Hebrew University of...

Mummies tell history of a 'modern' plague

1000pa (May 23, 2011) — Mummies from along the Nile are revealing how age-old irrigation techniques may have boosted the plague of schistosomiasis, a water-borne parasitic disease that infects an estimated 200 million people today.

An analysis of the mummies from Nubia, a former kingdom that was located in present-day Sudan, provides details for the first time about the prevalence of the disease across populations in ancient times, and how...

1000pa (May 23, 2011) — Mummies from along the...

Scientists explore hidden world of ancient maritime Maya

1000pa (May 23, 2011) — NOAA-sponsored explorers are searching a wild, largely unexplored and forgotten coastline for evidence and artifacts of one of the greatest seafaring traditions of the ancient New World, where Maya traders once paddled massive dugout canoes filled with trade goods from across Mexico and Central America. One exploration goal is to discover the remains of a Maya trading canoe, described in A.D. 1502 by Christopher...

1000pa (May 23, 2011) — NOAA-sponsored explorers...

Student archaeologists on trail of Yorkshire gem's hidden past

1000pa (May 10, 2011) — Archaeologists from the University of York are revealing intriguing traces -- hidden for more than two centuries -- of the forerunner of one of Yorkshire's great country houses.

In the shadow of Harewood House, a team of undergraduate students is carrying out the painstaking task of unearthing the remnants of Harewood's predecessor, Gawthorpe Hall, which was demolished in 1773.

The excavation, led by Dr Jonathan...

1000pa (May 10, 2011) — Archaeologists from the...

Historic church's subterranean secrets revealed

1000pa (Apr. 21, 2011) — Researchers from Kingston University in London have carried out a full scientific survey of an historic churchyard widely believed to be the site of the crowning of at least two Anglo-Saxon kings. The team used an earth resistance meter to survey a graveyard at the site where possibly as many as seven kings were crowned, during the 10th Century, including Athelstan, the first king of a unified England in 925, and...

1000pa (Apr. 21, 2011) — Researchers from...

iPad helps archaeologists

1000pa (Apr. 8, 2011) — New technology is revolutionizing the precise recording of history at an ancient, lost city, bucking a tradition that has been in place for centuries. University of Cincinnati researchers will present "The Paperless Project: The Use of iPads in the Excavations at Pompeii"* at the 39th annual international conference of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA). The conference takes place...

1000pa (Apr. 8, 2011) — New technology is...

Why ancient Mayan communities were 'living on the edge' of what is now a massive wetland

1000pa (Apr. 18, 2011) — University of Cincinnati research is investigating why a highly sophisticated civilization decided to build large, bustling cities next to what is essentially swampland. The research by UC Geography Professor Nicholas Dunning, a three-year, interdisciplinary project including David Lentz, professor of biological sciences, and Vern Scarborough, professor of anthropology, will be presented April 1 at the annual...

1000pa (Apr. 18, 2011) — University of Cincinnati...

Scientists trace violent death of Iron Age man

1000pa (Mar. 28, 2011) — An Iron Age man whose skull and brain was unearthed during excavations at the University of York was the victim of a gruesome ritual killing, according to new research.

Scientists say that fractures and marks on the bones suggest the man, who was aged between 26 and 45, died most probably from hanging, after which he was carefully decapitated and his head was then buried on its own.

Archaeologists discovered the...

1000pa (Mar. 28, 2011) — An Iron Age man whose...

Fossils record reveals ancient migrations, trilobite mass matings

1000pa (Mar. 17, 2011) — Few specimens inspire greater thrills among fossil collectors than a complete trilobite. These ancient arthropods -- relatives of lobsters, spiders and insects -- went extinct more than 250 million years ago, but are sometimes found in beautifully preserved condition. In rare instances, an entire population of trilobites is found fossilized together. Carlton E. Brett finds evidence for ancient environment and...

1000pa (Mar. 17, 2011) — Few specimens inspire...

Paleontologists audition modern examples of ancient behavior

1000pa (Apr. 18, 2011) — Paleontologists agree that it's difficult to observe behavior in fossil specimens that are dead -- even extinct -- and petrified. One method is to find a modern, living, species that has some similarities to the ancient animal.

That's the strategy adopted by David L. Meyer, University of Cincinnati professor of geology and colleagues as they study a group of ancient shellfish known as brachiopods. Although they...

1000pa (Apr. 18, 2011) — Paleontologists agree...

Mummy remains show false toes helped ancient Egyptians walk

1000pa (Feb. 14, 2011) — Two artificial big toes -- one found attached to the foot of an ancient Egyptian mummy -- may have been the world's earliest functional prosthetic body parts, says the scientist who tested replicas on volunteers.

University of Manchester researcher, Dr Jacky Finch, has shown that a three-part wood and leather artefact housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, along with a second one, the Greville Chester artificial...

1000pa (Feb. 14, 2011) — Two artificial big toes...

X-rays reveal hidden leg of an ancient snake: New hints on how snakes were getting legless

1000pa (Feb. 7, 2011) — A novel X-ray imaging technology is helping scientists better understand how in the course of evolution snakes have lost their legs. The researchers hope the new data will help resolve a heated debate about the origin of snakes: whether they evolved from a terrestrial lizard or from one that lived in the oceans. New, detailed 3-D images reveal that the internal architecture of an ancient snake's leg bones strongly...

1000pa (Feb. 7, 2011) — A novel X-ray imaging...

Secrets in stone: Rare archaeological find in Norway

1000pa (Jan. 31, 2011) — It looked to be a routine excavation of what was thought to be a burial mound. But beneath the mound, archaeologists from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology's Museum of Natural History and Archaeology found something more: unusual Bronze Age petroglyphs. "We believe these are very special in a Norwegian context," says museum researcher and project manager Anne Haug.

The excavation in Stjørdal, just...

1000pa (Jan. 31, 2011) — It looked to be a...

New evidence for climate impacts on ancient societies

1000pa (Jan. 14, 2011) — Annual-resolved European summer climate has, for the first time ever, been reconstructed over the past 2,500 years. Tree rings reveal possible links between past climate variability and changes in human history. Climate change coincided with periods of socioeconomic, cultural and political turmoil associated with the Barbarian Migrations, the Black Death and Thirty Years' War.

An international research team of...

1000pa (Jan. 14, 2011) — Annual-resolved European...

Chemical analysis confirms discovery of oldest wine-making equipment ever found

1000pa (Jan. 12, 2011) — Analysis by a UCLA-led team of scientists has confirmed the discovery of the oldest complete wine production facility ever found, including grape seeds, withered grape vines, remains of pressed grapes, a rudimentary wine press, a clay vat apparently used for fermentation, wine-soaked potsherds, and even a cup and drinking bowl.

The facility, which dates back to roughly 4100 B.C. -- 1,000 years before the earliest...

1000pa (Jan. 12, 2011) — Analysis by a UCLA-led...

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Fossils 

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Book review

Dinosaurs Encyclopedia

Book Review

Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur Lovers of All Ages ... WRITTEN BY A PROFESSIONAL paleontologist specifically for young readers, this guide to the Dinosauria is packed...