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Archaeology

The 10 most amazing unexplained artifacts

Every once in a while archaeologists (and sometimes regular Joes) make some remarkable discoveries. Stunned, they are often unable to explain what it is they’ve found, how it came into existence, or ascertain its value. This is a comprehensive list of such artifacts; artifacts that many believe should have never existed given the discerned age/period of their creation.

  THE LONDON HAMMER – A TOOL OLDER THAN HISTORY



In June 1936 (or 1934 according to some accounts), Max Hahn and his wife Emma were on a walk when they noticed a rock with wood protruding from its core. They decided to take the oddity home and later cracked it open with a hammer and a chisel. Ironically, what they found within seemed to be an archaic hammer...

The World's Top Ten Lost Treasures

There are many accounts of lost treasures, some dating from ancient times and those that are more recent.  While the idea that unimaginable wealth is out there somewhere just waiting to be found is a seductive and enticing idea, the truth is that many of these fortunes are either just myths or have probably been 'recycled' long ago. For example, most of the German gold that went missing at the end of WWII was probably smuggled to South America and slowly reintroduced to the market or is...

Maya scholar debunks world-ending myth

David Stuart discusses the new inscriptions with colleagues from Tulane University and Universidad del Valle de Guatemala. Seated left to right: Marcello Canuto (Tulane), Stuart, Tomás Barrientos (UVG), Jocelyn Ponce (UVG). (Credit: Image courtesy of University of Texas at Austin)

As we hurtle toward the end of 2012, the conversation about a certain date with roots in an ancient Maya calendar has reached a fever pitch.

Dec. 21, 2012, has taken over popular culture this year: It's...

Reconstructing the site of Richard III’s last 'resting place' before Bosworth

The reconstructed physical model of the Blue Board Inn, produced on the University of Leicester’s 3D printer. (Credit: University of Leicester)

A team from the University of Leicester has reconstructed models of the Blue Boar Inn -- reputed to have housed King Richard III before the battle of Bosworth -- following the discovery of a notebook in a private collection containing a measured survey of the iconic local timber framed building.

The survey was made shortly before the inn...

Researchers find first evidence of Ice Age wolves in Nevada

Dire wolf foot bone comparison. (Credit: Image courtesy of University of Nevada, Las Vegas)

A University of Nevada, Las Vegas research team recently unearthed fossil remains from an extinct wolf species in a wash northwest of Las Vegas, revealing the first evidence that the Ice Age mammal once lived in Nevada.

The metapodial, or foot bone, was uncovered late last year by UNLV geologist Josh Bonde during a survey of the Upper Las Vegas Wash. They have now confirmed that the bone...

Dead guts spill history of extinct microbes: Fecal samples from archeological sites reveal evolution of human gut microbes

This shows microbiomes across time and populations. (Credit: Tito RY, Knights D, Metcalf J, Obregon-Tito AJ, Cleeland L, et al. (2012) Insights from Characterizing Extinct Human Gut Microbiomes. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51146.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051146)

Extinct microbes in fecal samples from archaeological sites across the world resemble those found in present-day rural African communities more than they resemble the microbes found in the gut of cosmopolitan US adults, according to...

Mining ancient ores for clues to early life

Scientists probe Canadian sulfide ore to confirm microbial activity in seawater 2.7 billion years ago. (Credit: Image courtesy of McGill University)

An analysis of sulfide ore deposits from one of the world's richest base-metal mines confirms that oxygen levels were extremely low on Earth 2.7 billion years ago, but also shows that microbes were actively feeding on sulfate in the ocean and influencing seawater chemistry during that geological time period.

The research, reported by a...

First Bird

First Bird
What was the earliest known bird?

Unexplained artifacts

unexplained artifacts
The 10 most amazing unexplained artifacts

Evolution

Timeline: Human Evolution

Biggest Dinosaurs

The 10 Biggest Dinosaurs

Fossils 

Fossil Formation: How Do Fossils Form?
 

Book review

Dinosaurs Encyclopedia

Book Review

Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur Lovers of All Ages ... WRITTEN BY A PROFESSIONAL paleontologist specifically for young readers, this guide to the Dinosauria is packed...